The criteria for a mental disorder

Instructions

Choose one of the options below to research and explore:

Option 1

It is estimated approximately 50% of individuals incarcerated and/or involved in the criminal justice system meet the criteria for a mental disorder, most often a Substance Use or Related Disorder.

Many of the addicted individuals never receive any form of treatment and are often jailed as a result of personal possession or a crime related to accessing money to support an addiction.

What research-based programs are being used to ensure that non-violent offenders are receiving treatment rather than jail time where a negative cycle of recidivism may develop? For example, ideas to explore include diversion programs and mental health/drug courts.

Additionally, for individuals already incarcerated what successful substance use treatment resources are available to them? Are these programs effective based upon the research?

Why or why not? Use academic journal research to support your perspectives and not the textbook or websites.

Option 2

Briefly summarize in one-two sentence the diagnostic criteria for Opioid Use Disorders. The Opioid/Heroin crisis impacts all demographic groups in the United States. It does not discriminate based on gender, race, or socioeconomic status.

Using full-text academic journal research to support your perspectives and not the textbook or websites explore the following questions: What are the varied etiologies and causes for Opioid Use Disorders? Why are these disorders so difficult to treat?

What are effective research-based approaches for the disorders, both medicinal and psychological? What roles do the community, criminal justice system, medical professionals, and mental health clinicians play in both prevention and treatment?

Option 3

Briefly summarize in one-two sentence the diagnostic criteria for Cannabis-Related Disorders. Then, research the psychological and developmental impact of the legalization of marijuana. Has legalization led to increased addiction in the states and countries where it has occurred?

Has legalization allowed individuals who were using opioids an alternative form of pain management (make sure to discern between the effects of CBD and THC on pain as they are different)? Does marijuana help manage PTSD, etc., or make the symptoms worse?

What is the impact of marijuana use on brain development in those 25 years old and younger? Use academic journal research to support your perspectives and not the textbook or websites.