CASE STUDY 2
AG is a 54-year-old Caucasian male who was referred to the clinic to establish care after a recent hospitalization after having a seizure related to alcohol withdrawal. He has hypertension and a history of alcohol and cocaine abuse. He is homeless and is currently living at a local homeless shelter. He reports that he is out of his amlodipine 10 mg which he takes for hypertension. He reports he is abstaining from alcohol and cocaine but needs to smoke cigarettes to calm down since he is not drinking anymore.
The Communication Techniques
A nurse practitioner chooses to use the RESPECT Modell to communicate with the patient to stay productive and patient-centered in all her communication with the patient. RESPECTS stand for (Rapport, Empathy, Support, Partnership, Explanation, Cultural Competence, and Trust) (Ball, Dains, Flynn, Solomon, & Stewart, 2019). The nurse practitioner establishes rapport by seeking the patient’s point of view to avoid being judgmental. She asked the question of how the patient wanted to be addressed. The nurse practitioner shows empathy by asking the patient how he becomes homeless to understand how she can help him get his life back in order. The nurse practitioner supports the patient by asking him about his financial situation to direct him to the proper agency. The patient is at risk for cardiac diseases, lung cancer, and stroke, so the nurse practitioner partnered with the patient to help him stop smoking (Ball et al., 2019).The nurse practitioner needs to explain to the patient to know what cigarette smoking does to the body. Nicotine is a sympathomimetic medicine that releases catecholamines, increases heart rate and cardiac contractility, constricts cutaneous, and coronary blood vessels, and rapidly increases blood pressure (Benowitz, 2009). It is crucial to present the patient with evidence-based practice to address health risks across cultures, and it is essential to assure the patient that what he said will be kept confidential to establish trust (Ball et al., 2019).