As discussed in Chapter 12 in the Bartol & Bartol (2019) text, in most circumstances, rehabilitation and reintegration of offenders is the goal of the criminal justice system as evidenced by the number of offenders ultimately being released back into society.
This includes concerns for public safety, the behavior and performance of the offender as a functioning member of society, and the likelihood of recidivating.
While some offenses, and therefore offenders, are deemed inappropriate for release (i.e. those sentenced to life without the possibility of parole or the death penalty), most offenders will have an ultimate release date included in their sentence.
This poses challenges in how to address these offenders within the construct of their ultimately being released. Chapter 12 in Bartol & Bartol (2019) analyzes clinical practices in corrections environs.